hen it comes down to ancient cities and those competing for the title of oldest of the all, Aleppo, located in modern-day Syria certainly makes a case.

The ancient city of Aleppo is considered by many scholars as one of the oldest cities on the planet, occupied since at least 5,000 BC, as shown by excavations performed in Tallet Alsauda.

The ancient city has scarcely been excavated by archaeologists, as the modern city occupies its location.

The city was of great importance in the ancient world. According to experts, historical records show Aleppo as an important city predating Damascus, considered by many as the oldest cities in the world.

We find the first record mentioning Aleppo in the Ebla Tablets, from the third millennium BC, when Aleppo was referred to as Ha-Iam.

Aerial view of The Aleppo Citadel

The old city of Aleppo, composed of the old city inside the walls and the old cell-like neighborhoods outside the walls, has an approximate area of 350 hectares (3.5 km²) and has a population of more than 120,000 inhabitants.

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Known for its large mansions, narrow streets, covered souks and ancient caravans, the ancient city of Aleppo was named a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1986.

During the Amorite dynasty, it was the capital of the kingdom (until about 1600 BC), after which it was conquered by the Hittite empire.

In later times, it was under an Assyrian and Persian rule. Alexander the Great conquered the city in 333 BC, and Seleucus I Nicator gave it the name of Beroea.

When, in 64BC, Syria became part of Rome, the city was also integrated into the Roman Empire.

Alley of the Christian neighborhood. It was part of the Byzantine Empire until its loss at the hands of the Arabs in 637.

In the 10th century, it returned to the Byzantines (between 974 and 987).

The crusaders besieged its walls twice, in 1098 and in 1124, but they never conquered the city.

On October 11, 1138, the city was devastated by an earthquake.

It passed into the hands of Saladin and remained in the hands of the Arabs until its capture by the Mongols in 1260.

It was then a city of the Ottoman Empire (from 1517).

 

Source : http://www.mysteryupdated.com

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